Kamal Dev Paswan is State Level Awardee for Madhubani Painting as participates in a wide range of public programs, including exhibits, workshops, seminars, fairs, and special events at our campus and in other locations around the country.
Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is an ancient Indian style of painting which is famous for its traditional content and style that has remained the same for ages. It got its name from the name of the village Madhubani (meaning forest of honey) and nearby areas of Mithila in Bihar where, women traditionally produce these magnificent paintings. They are also popular as Maithili, Chitra and Godna figure paintings. The art form is believed to have originated in the sacred era of Ramayana when Janak, king of Mithila, told people to decorate walls and floors of their houses on his daughter Sita’s wedding to lord Ram.
Madhubani painting is done with fingers, twigs, nib-pens, matchsticks and brushes made of bamboo stick with cotton or strips of cloth wrapped around it. Natural dyes, pigments derived from plants and paste of powdered rice are used by the artist. The central theme of Madhubani paintings is Hindu deities though Sun, Moon, tulsi, royal courts and social events like weddings are also depicted. Generally, gaps in the paintings are filled by drawing flowers, leaves, animals, birds or other geometrical patterns. The colors are applied flat without any shading. A double line is drawn for outlines and various geometrical designs or tiny lines are drawn in between. There are three types of Madhubani paintings - Brahmin tradition, Tattoo tradition (locally called Goidna) and Kayastha tradition.
Interestingly, Madhubani paintings have three distinguished styles:
1. Brahmin Style - The Brahmins are the upper most caste in the Hindu culture and the paintings created by them were allowed liberal use of vibrant colors and their paintings were inspired by the sacred texts with stories of various Hindu Gods and Goddesses like Ram, Seetha, Krishna, Durga and Shiva.
2. Kshatriya Style - The Kshatriyas are a little below the Brahmins in the caste hierarchy and were allowed the use of only black and red colors. The subjects of the paintings were similar as the Brahmin style.
3. Tatoo Style - The Dusadhs are the low caste group and they were not allowed to represent divinities but they could use bright colors. Hence their themes included the flora and fauna, and of Lord Salhesh – a Dusadh cultural hero. This style is known as Tattoo or Godhana painting.